Difference Between Full And Broad Spectrum Vs Isolate And Hemp Seed Oil

What Makes Up a Hemp Extract?

Well, before we get into the different types of hemp oils lets take a look at the process to create hemp oil and its different components. Initially raw hemp cannabis sativa bio mass is harvested and collected ready for CO2 extraction.

The extraction process typically uses Supercritical CO2 extraction which essentially separates hemp into all its components: resins, waxes, terpenes, oils, flavonoids, phyto-nutrients, cannabinoids, THC and CBD.

These are put back together to form the extract and by changing variables you can control, to determine what the extract is made from.

Hemp Extract and Carrier Oils

Once you have the desired extract this can then be combined with a carrier oil and bottled in the form of hemp oil drop tinctures:

Hemp Seed Oil – This is rich in Omega 3, 6, 9, vitamins and minerals.

Sunflower Oil – nice taste, rich in vitamin E, low cholesterol, good mix of healthy fats and great for cooking.

MCT Oil – made from medium-chain triglycerides, quick energy source and low flavour profile.

What Are the Different Types of Products You Can Make From Hemp?

Firstly, lets go back to the CO2 extraction process, once we have separated all the components of hemp, you can actually use these separately:

Cannabinoid isolate – an isolate such as CBD can be sold in powder form or combined with a carrier oil to make an isolate hemp oil.

Terpenes – these are responsible for the distinctive flavour/smell of hemp cannabis and can also be used separately or combined to create an aroma profile.

Full spectrum hemp oil – this is a hemp oil that has all the cannabinoids present, terpenes and components including THC.

Broad spectrum hemp oil – this is a hemp oil that has all the cannabinoids present, terpenes and components excluding THC.


Please note that this article was written by a 3rd-party author who is a specialist on the topic of CBD, hemp and cannabis.  Any information or recommendations contained within this article, are independent to the opinion of RUDERALEX CBD and our employees.  We make no claims for any of our products, please read our disclaimer for additional information.